Islam is a monotheistic and Abrahamic religion articulated by the Qur'an, an Islamic holy
book considered by its adherents to be the verbatim word of God (Allāh), and for the
vast majority of adherents, also by the teachings, normative example and way of life
(or sunnah); it also is composed of prophetic traditions (or hadith) of Muhammad
(c. 570-8 June 632 CE), considered by most of them to be the last prophet of God.
A Muslim, sometimes spelled Moslem, relates to a person who follows the religion
of Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion based on the Quran. Muslims consider
the Quran to be the verbatim word of God as revealed to the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
They also follow the teachings and practices of Muhammad as recorded in traditional
accounts called hadith. "Muslim" is an Arabic word meaning "one who submits (to God)".
A female Muslim is sometimes called a "Muslimah". There are some customs holding that
an individual that misses numerous successive Jumu'ahs no longer qualifies as a Muslim
There is no god but God, Muhammad is the messenger of God.
Muhammad was born in Mecca and lived there for roughly the first 52 years of his life
(c. 570-622). This period is
generally divided into two phases, before and after declaring his prophetic visions.
Muslims believe that God is one and incomparable
and that the purpose of existence is to worship God.
Muslims also believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial
faith that was revealed many times before through prophets including Adam, Noah, Abraham,
Moses, and Jesus.They maintain that the previous messages and revelations have been
partially misinterpreted or altered over time,
but consider the Arabic Quran to be both the unaltered and the final revelation of God.
A Muslim is a person who has dedicated his worship exclusively to God...Islam means making one's
religion and faith God's alone.
Belief in angels is fundamental to the faith of Islam. The Arabic word for angel (Arabic: malak)
means "messenger", like its counterparts in Hebrew (malakh) and Greek (angelos).
According to the Quran, angels do not possess free will, and therefore worship and
obey God in total obedience. Angels' duties include communicating revelations from God,
glorifying God, recording every person's actions, and taking a person's soul at the time
of death. Muslims believe that angels are made of light. They are described as "messengers
with wings—two, or three, or four (pairs).
History of Quran
The Islamic holy books are the records which most Muslims believe were dictated by Go
d to various prophets. Muslims believe that parts of the previously revealed
scriptures, the Tawrat (Torah) and the Injil (Gospels), had become distorted—either
in interpretation, in text, or both.The Qur'an (literally, "Reading" or "Recitation")
is viewed by Muslims as the final revelation and literal word of God and is widely
regarded as the finest literary work in the Arabic language.
Muslims believe that the verses of the Qur'an were revealed to Muhammad by
God through the archangel Gabriel (Jibrīl) on many occasions between 610 CE until
his death on June 8, 632. While Muhammad was alive, all of these revelations were
written down by his companions (sahabah), although the prime method of transmission was
orally through memorization.
Five pillars of Islam
The Pillars of Islam (arkan al-Islam; also arkan ad-din, "pillars of religion")
are five basic acts in Islam, considered obligatory for all believers. The Quran presents
them as a framework for worship and a sign of commitment to the faith.
They are :
The creed (shahadah).
Daily prayers (salat)
Fasting during Ramadan
The pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj) at least once in a
lifetime. Both Shia and Sunni sects agree on
the essential details for the performance of these acts.
GO TO TOP